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8 Most Common Monsoon Diseases and its Prevention and Cure

Monsoon along with relief from the scorching heat brings plenty of diseases. During monsoon season, the risk of catching various water bore and airborne diseases is extremely high due to unhygienic conditions. So, lets discuss about the following diseases that you need to watch out for during this monsoon season.

Cold and Flu

The most common diseases that occurs during the monsoon season is common cold and flu due to fluctuation in the temperature. Cold and Flu is highly contagious as the virus spreads in the air which can infect the upper respiratory tract and then can cause irritation in nose and throat.
Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Body ache
  • Throat soreness
  • Fever

It is always advisable to consult a physician and get the required medicines prescribed for getting cured from the infection. The best way to prevent common cold and flu is to build a healthy immune system. Always try to eat healthy and maintain proper hygiene and if required consult a doctor.

Dengue

Dengue is one of the most common monsoon diseases which is caused by viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. Some of the Dengue symptoms are:

  • High fever
  • Body ache and pain in the joints
  • Low platelet count
  • Body rashes
  • Severe headache

Since there are no specific antibiotics or antiviral medication to treat Dengue, using mosquito repellents and nets is the best way to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home. Dengue mosquito usually bites only in the day time and breeds in clean, fresh water. So avoid any kind of water accumulation. In some cases Dengue fever can be life-threatening and therefore needs urgent treatment. So, consider hospitalization depending upon the patient’s condition.

Malaria

Like Dengue, Malaria is also one of the most common monsoon-related diseases which is caused by Female Anopheles mosquitoes that breed in the dirty water. Since water logging is a common problem during monsoons, these mosquitoes get favorable conditions to breed. In some cases Malaria fever can be life-threatening too as it can lead to complications like jaundice, liver failure and kidney failure.

Some of the common malaria symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Body ache
  • Chills and sweating
  • Weakness

Though Malaria was no less than an epidemic few years ago, in recent years treatment of malaria has improved. Taking an antimalarial drug as a precautionary measure in mosquito prone areas is one of the best tricks of prevention. Since malaria mosquitoes breed in dirty water, make sure to check accumulation of dirty water around your home. Also, take measures like using mosquito nets and mosquito repellents to prevent mosquito bites.

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Diarrhoea

Diarrhea is another highly infectious monsoon disease that is caused due to the consumption of unhygienic foods and water. Though Diarrhoea is curable, still it can turn fatal if not treated effectively.

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Some of the common diarrhoea symptoms are:

  • Abdominal cramp and pain
  • Urgency to go to the toilet
  • Frequent passing of loose, watery stool
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dehydration

The best way to avoid Diarrhea is to be careful about the food and water that you consume. During monsoons stay away from street foods, drink boiled water and stick to home cooked meals only.

Typhoid

Typhoid is a waterborne bacterial infection that is caused by Salmonella. Like diarrhoea this disease is also caused by contaminated food or water.

Some of the common typhoid symptoms are

  • Prolonged high fever
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Headache
  • Poor appetite
  • Body rash
  • Constipation or diarrhea

Like Diarrhea the best way to avoid Typhoid is to be careful about the food and water that you consume. Antibiotics can be taken to treat Typhoid but consult your physician for your medication.

Viral fever

Through viral fevers are common through out the year, monsoons are the worst due to sudden change of weather. Viral fever may last from 3-7 days. Some of the common viral fever symptoms are:

  • Severe fever
  • Cold and cough
  • Severe joint pain
  • Nasal congestion
  • Headache
  • Skin rashes

Since viral fever is a viral disease antibiotics are not prescribed unless there is a secondary infection. Some preventive measures like maintaining proper hygiene, eating immunity building vitamin rich foods can also help.

Jaundice

This is another viral disease that is caused by contaminated food and water. If adequate measures are not taken to cure, Jaundice can prove to be fatal. Some of the common jaundice symptoms are:

  • Pale stool
  • Dark urine
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and chills
  • Weakness and Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain

Since there is no specific treatment of Jaundice that exists, adequate rest to liver heals Jaundice within six months. Practicing good hygiene and sticking to home cooked food is the best way to prevent this disease.

Cholera

Like Jaundice, Cholera is another monsoon disease that is caused by consumption of contaminated food and water. Poor hygiene and sanitation is also a major cause for cholera. Cholera patients require immediate treatment since the disease causes severe dehydration. Some of the common Cholera symptoms are:

  • Severe diarrhoea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Mild to severe dehydration
  • Muscle cramps

Since Cholera causes severe dehydration, the best method of treatment is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes by giving a simple re-hydration solution called oral re-hydration salts or ORS. Preventive measures such as washing hands, drinking clean water and better sanitation also helps.

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